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ttymsg.c

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1989, 1993
 *    The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *    This product includes software developed by the University of
 *    California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * Modified Sun Mar 12 10:39:22 1995, faith@cs.unc.edu for Linux
 *
 */

 /* 1999-02-22 Arkadiusz Mi¶kiewicz <misiek@pld.ORG.PL>
  * - added Native Language Support
  * Sun Mar 21 1999 - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
  * - fixed strerr(errno) in gettext calls
  */

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <paths.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "nls.h"

#include "pathnames.h"
#include "ttymsg.h"

/*
 * Display the contents of a uio structure on a terminal.  Used by wall(1),
 * syslogd(8), and talkd(8).  Forks and finishes in child if write would block,
 * waiting up to tmout seconds.  Returns pointer to error string on unexpected
 * error; string is not newline-terminated.  Various "normal" errors are
 * ignored (exclusive-use, lack of permission, etc.).
 */
char *
ttymsg(struct iovec *iov, int iovcnt, char *line, int tmout) {
      static char device[MAXNAMLEN];
      static char errbuf[MAXNAMLEN+1024];
      register int cnt, fd, left, wret;
      struct iovec localiov[6];
      int forked = 0, errsv;

      if (iovcnt > sizeof(localiov) / sizeof(localiov[0]))
            return (_("too many iov's (change code in wall/ttymsg.c)"));

      /* The old code here rejected the line argument when it contained a '/',
         saying: "A slash may be an attempt to break security...".
         However, if a user can control the line argument here
         then he can make this routine write to /dev/hda or /dev/sda
         already. So, this test was worthless, and these days it is
         also wrong since people use /dev/pts/xxx. */

      if (strlen(line) + sizeof(_PATH_DEV) + 1 > sizeof(device)) {
            (void) sprintf(errbuf, _("excessively long line arg"));
            return (errbuf);
      }
      (void) sprintf(device, "%s%s", _PATH_DEV, line);

      /*
       * open will fail on slip lines or exclusive-use lines
       * if not running as root; not an error.
       */
      if ((fd = open(device, O_WRONLY|O_NONBLOCK, 0)) < 0) {
            if (errno == EBUSY || errno == EACCES)
                  return (NULL);
            if (strlen(strerror(errno)) > 1000)
                  return (NULL);
            (void) sprintf(errbuf, "%s: %s", device, strerror(errno));
            errbuf[1024] = 0;
            return (errbuf);
      }

      for (cnt = left = 0; cnt < iovcnt; ++cnt)
            left += iov[cnt].iov_len;

      for (;;) {
            wret = writev(fd, iov, iovcnt);
            if (wret >= left)
                  break;
            if (wret >= 0) {
                  left -= wret;
                  if (iov != localiov) {
                        bcopy(iov, localiov,
                            iovcnt * sizeof(struct iovec));
                        iov = localiov;
                  }
                  for (cnt = 0; wret >= iov->iov_len; ++cnt) {
                        wret -= iov->iov_len;
                        ++iov;
                        --iovcnt;
                  }
                  if (wret) {
                        iov->iov_base += wret;
                        iov->iov_len -= wret;
                  }
                  continue;
            }
            if (errno == EWOULDBLOCK) {
                  int cpid, off = 0;

                  if (forked) {
                        (void) close(fd);
                        _exit(1);
                  }
                  cpid = fork();
                  if (cpid < 0) {
                        if (strlen(strerror(errno)) > 1000)
                              (void) sprintf(errbuf, _("cannot fork"));
                        else {
                              errsv = errno;
                              (void) sprintf(errbuf,
                                     _("fork: %s"), strerror(errsv));
                        }
                        (void) close(fd);
                        return (errbuf);
                  }
                  if (cpid) { /* parent */
                        (void) close(fd);
                        return (NULL);
                  }
                  forked++;
                  /* wait at most tmout seconds */
                  (void) signal(SIGALRM, SIG_DFL);
                  (void) signal(SIGTERM, SIG_DFL); /* XXX */
                  (void) sigsetmask(0);
                  (void) alarm((u_int)tmout);
                  (void) fcntl(fd, O_NONBLOCK, &off);
                  continue;
            }
            /*
             * We get ENODEV on a slip line if we're running as root,
             * and EIO if the line just went away.
             */
            if (errno == ENODEV || errno == EIO)
                  break;
            (void) close(fd);
            if (forked)
                  _exit(1);
            if (strlen(strerror(errno)) > 1000)
                  (void) sprintf(errbuf, _("%s: BAD ERROR"), device);
            else {
                  errsv = errno;
                  (void) sprintf(errbuf, "%s: %s", device,
                               strerror(errsv));
            }
            errbuf[1024] = 0;
            return (errbuf);
      }

      (void) close(fd);
      if (forked)
            _exit(0);
      return (NULL);
}

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